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宾语从句表语从句同位语从句讲解与练习
版块:教育培训   类型:普通   作者:clcfone   查看:49   回复:0   获赞:0   时间:2021-12-21 13:43:07

宾语从句表语从句同位语从句讲解与练习
宾语从句
宾语从句就是在复合句中作宾语的名词性从句,通常放在主句谓语动词 (及物动词) 或介词之后。
      情况说明 例句
1 作动词的宾语 由that引导的宾语从句(that 通常可以省略) I heard (that) he joined the army.
由what, whether (if),when, where  等引导的宾语从句 She did not know what had happened.
I wonder whether you can change this note for me.
动词+间接宾语+宾语从句 She told me that she would accept my invitation.
2 作介词的宾语 Our success depends upon how well we can cooperate with one another.
3 作形容词的宾语 I am afraid (that) I’ve made a mistake.
4 it 可以作为形式宾语 We heard it that she would get married next month.

5 否定的转移(若主句谓语动词为think, consider, suppose, believe, expect, fancy, guess, imagine等,其后的宾语从句若含有否定意义,一般要把否定词转移到主句谓语上,从句谓语用肯定式) I don’t think this dress fits you well. 我认为这件衣服不适合你穿。

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注意:that 引导的从句常跟在下列形容词后作宾语:
anxious, aware, certain, confident, convinced, determined, glad, proud, surprised, worried, sorry, thankful, ashamed, disappointed, annoyed, pleased, hurt, satisfied, content 等。也可以将此类词后的that 从句的看作原因状语从句。 
   
表语从句
表语从句在复合句中作表语的名词性从句,放在系动词之后,一般结构是“主语+连系动词+表语从句”。可以接表语从句的连系动词有be, look, remain, seem等。引导表语从句的that常可省略。另外,常用的还有the reason is that… 和It is because 等结构。例如:
1) The question is whether we can make good preparation in such a short time.
2) This is why we can’t get the support of the people.
3) But the fact remains that we are behind the other classes.
4) The reason he is late for school is that he missed the early bus. 

同位语从句
同位语从句就是在复合句中作名词的同位语的名词性从句。
情况说明 例句
1 同位语从句的功能(一般由that引导) 对于名词进一步解释, The king’s decision that the prisoner would be set free surprised all the people.
说明名词的具体内容, The order that all the soldiers should stay still is given by the general. 
2 同位语从句在句子中的位置 有时可以不紧跟在它所说明的名词后面,被别的词隔开 He got the news from Mary that the sports meeting was put off.

whether, if引导名词性从句的区别:
      情况说明 例句
1 在句首引导主语从句时,只能用whether Whether we will go camping tomorrow depends on the weather.
2 if不能引导表语从句 What the doctor really doubt is whether my mother will recover from the serious disease soon.
3 if 不能引导介词后的宾语从句 Everything depends on whether we can make a plan that they will agree to.
4 如果宾语从句是否定句只能用if I asked Pave if he hadn’t decided what he would say at the meeting.
5 discuss 后的宾语从句只能用whether引导 We discussed whether the medicine will cause side effect.
注意:doubt  作“怀疑”解,后接宾语从句时,如主句是肯定的,宾语从句用whether 或if 引导;如主句是否定,宾语从句只能用that 引导。
 (1) I doubt whether/ if he is fit for the job.
 (2) I don’t doubt that he can do it very well.

用适当的连词填空:
11.______ is done cannot be undone.
12.Take care ______ you don’t make mistakes in the coming exam.
13.To his surprise, the umbrella was not ______ he had put.    
14.______ we can’t get seems better than ______ we have.       
15.______ we’ll go camping tomorrow depends on the weather.           
16.______ they are most interested in is ______ they can produce more and better cars.
17.It doesn’t matter ______I rest or not.
18. ______I have will be yours sooner or later.
19.I think it is ______ you’re eating too much. 
20.Can you make sure ______ Alice has put the gold necklace? 
21.——Do you remember ______ he came?
——Yes, I do. He came by train. 
22.Mother asked me ______ was wrong with me.  
23______they have won the game made us excited. 
24. ______he says in his report is a very interesting question. 
25.That is he failed to arrive on time.
答案:
11.What 12.that  13.where  14.what ; what  15.Whether 16.What;how
17.whether 18.Whatever 19.because 20.where  21.how 22.what 23.That 24.What 25.why

 
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