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英语动词独立主格结构知识注解详解
版块:教育培训   类型:普通   作者:clcfone   查看:144   回复:0   获赞:0   时间:2023-03-23 14:03:55

英语动词独立主格结构知识注解详解
 “逻辑主语+being+其他”是独立主格结构中的“逻辑主语+动词-ing形式”的一种形式。在这种结构中,being往往可以被省去,这种省去being的结构,称之为无动词“独立主格结构”。
(1)逻辑主语+名词
Ten students entered for the competition, the youngest a boy of 12.
 十个学生报名参加了这次竞赛,年纪最小的是个12岁的男孩。(the youngest和a boy of 12之间省去了being)
 注意:
 独立主格结构中的being在下列两种情况下一般不能省略,一是在“There being + 名词”结构中,二是在逻辑主语是代词的情况下。
 There being no bus, we had to walk home. 由于没有公共汽车,我们只好走回家。
 It being Sunday, all the offices are closed. 因为是星期日,所有办公室都关门。
(2)逻辑主语+形容词
 He turned to me, his eyes sleepy.
 他睡眼惺忪地转向我。(his eyes和sleepy之间省去了being)

 = He turned to me, and his eyes were sleepy.

不知不觉背单词
抗遗忘英语单词速记
新概念英语青少版

(3)逻辑主语+副词
 School over, we all went home.放学了,我们都回家了。(school和over之间省去了being)
 = School was over, and we all went home.
(4)逻辑主语+介词短语
 He is standing in front of the blackboard, his back towards us.
 他站在黑板面前,背对着我们。
 = He was standing in front of the blackboard, and his back was towards us.
 提示:
 在“逻辑主语+介词短语”构成的独立主格结构里,如果名词用单数,可以不用冠词,同时介词短语里的限定词也可省略。
The music teacher stood at the door, violin in hand.
音乐老师站在门口,手里拿着一把小提琴。(= The music teacher stood at the door, a violin in his hand.)

After students come home from a tiring day at school, they tend to worry a lot about their homework. Whether students are working on English or chemistry homework, they are simply working on the assignment in order to get it done, attempting to memorize the concepts for the time being and do not absorb any of the information afterward. Students are wasting their time on insignificant assignments rather than effectively using that time to achieve other accomplishments. According to www.dailymail.com, many parents are concerned that homework is being assigned rather than being used to integrate (整合) what teachers are covering in the classroom. In their eyes, if less homework is assigned, students would have much less stress and could focus more on their passions and hobbies.
Homework gets in the way of participating in community service events as well as opportunities for getting a job or being a part of an extra-curricular activity. These responsibilities are important for teenagers to take on because they prepare the teenagers for the "real world." Without the proper exposure to work that is not school related, students will find themselves lost after they graduate. If homework were no longer given, students would have a lot more time to mature in other fields rather than being educated only on academics.
In spite of the fact that teachers want students to do better on tests and absorb the material t hat they are teaching, homework is not accomplishing its purpose. Because school is becoming increasingly more competitive and challenging, homework is becoming a setback rather than extra practice. Its removal would benefit the well being of teenagers as well as encourage them to get out in the "real world" and discover themselves instead of staring at a pile of assignments.
1. Students are wasting their time on insignificant homework because
A. they are working on it carelessly and hurriedly
B. they attempt to get only part of the information memorized
C. they spend too much time doing it without understanding
D. they fail to take in the information after finishing it
2. Many parents think that teachers should ______.
A. help students integrate the homework
B. simp lify what they teach in the classroom
C. reduce homework to develop students' own interests
D. assign more effective homework for students
3. From the third paragraph, we can infer that homework might ______.
A. leave students lack of job opportunities
B. make students lose the sense of responsibilities
C. weaken students' social adaptation ability
D. cause students to feel lost after graduation

 
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