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英语形容词和副词比较等级的构成规则
版块:教育培训   类型:普通   作者:clcfone   查看:171   回复:0   获赞:0   时间:2023-03-17 14:35:13

英语形容词和副词比较等级的构成规则
1. 形容词的比较级和最高级
单音节词和少数双音节词, 一般在词尾加­er, ­est来构成比较级和最高级。
构成法 原级 比较级 最高级
单音节词和少数双音节词一般在词尾加¬er, ¬est tall taller tallest
cheap cheaper cheapest
以不发音的e结尾的单音节词只加¬r, ¬st nice nicer nicest
large larger largest
以一个辅音字母结尾的重读闭音节词, 双写结尾的辅音字母, 再加¬er, ¬est big bigger biggest
thin thinner thinnest
以辅音字母加y结尾的双音节词, 变y为i, 再加¬er, ¬est busy busier busiest
angry angrier angriest
少数以¬er, ¬ow结尾的双音节词末尾加¬er, ¬est clever cleverer cleverest

narrow narrower narrowest

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部分双音节词和多音节词, 在其前加more, most来构成比较级和最高级 important more important most important
注意:有些形容词的比较级和最高级可采用在词尾加­er和­est的形式, 也可采用在单词前加more和most的形式, 这类形容词有clear, common, cruel, free, handsome, lively, often, pleasant, polite, pretty, quiet, secure, solid, stupid等。
2. 副词的比较级和最高级
(1) 大多数以­ly结尾的副词在其前加more和most来构成比较级和最高级。如:
    quickly—more quickly—most quickly
    carefully—more carefully—most carefully
(2) 单音节词及少数双音节词在词尾加­er构成比较级, 加­est构成最高级。如:
    hard—harder—hardest    fast—faster—fastest    early—earlier—earliest
注意:几个特殊的形容词和副词的比较级和最高级
原级 比较级 最高级
good, well better best
bad, ill, badly worse worst
many, much more most
little less least
far farther, further farthest, furthest
old older, elder oldest, eldest

1.In this article , you need to back up general statements with ________(specifically)examples.
2.I don’t think what he said is _______ (relate) to the topic we are discussing. He has missed the point.
3.I’m so ________ (gratefulness) to all those volunteers because they helped my terrible day end happily.
4.Raymond’s parents wanted him to have ________(good) possible education.
5.Instead of blaming the child who had broken the vase, she gave him a _______(tolerate)smile and let him go.
6.He didn't selfishly keep for himself the money inherited from his uncle.Instead, he made a______(generosity)contribution to help the community.
7.Don't defend him any more. It's obvious that he______ (deliberate)destroyed the fence of the garden even without apology.
8.If we leave right away,______ (hopeful) we'll arrive on time.
9.If what your friend comes up with surprises you,don't reject it immediately. ______ (相反),imagine that it is true.
10.Those poor and needy teenagers were excited to find a shop at the corner where they could buy ______ (afford )priced bikes.

 
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