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定冠词的用法高频考点要点解读
版块:教育培训   类型:普通   作者:clcfone   查看:36   回复:0   获赞:0   时间:2022-09-06 15:46:26

定冠词的用法高频考点要点解读
1.定冠词的基本用法
(1)指双方都知道的人或物,或特指的人或物的名词前。
I just heard the bank where Dora works was robbed by a gunman wearing a mask.
我刚刚听说多拉工作的那家银行被一名持枪蒙面人抢劫了。
(2)用于某些形容词或分词前,表示一类人。
We're not saying that everyone needs to contribute their lives to the poor.
 我们并不是说每个人都需要为穷人贡献自己的一切。
(3)用于序数词、形容词、副词的最高级以及形容词only,very,same前,以及对两个人或物进行比较时起特定作用的比较级前。
As is known to all,the People's Republic of China is the biggest developing country in the world.
众所周知,中华人民共和国是世界上最大的发展中国家。
This book is the better one of the two.

这本书是这两者中较好的那一本。

初二下册英语电子课本
速记英语单词方法
高中英语人教版电子课本

[易错提醒] a与most连用,位于形容词前时,most是表示程度的副词,意为“非常”;the与most连用,位于形容词或副词前时,most是最高级的标志,意为“最……的”。
(4)用于“by+the+表示计量单位的名词(day/hour/dozen等)”结构中, 表示“按……计算”。但size,weight这类名词与by连用时不加定冠词。
He was surprised to find that books are sold by weight in this bookstore,that is,by the kilogram.
他惊奇地发现在这家书店书是按重量来卖,也就是说是按公斤来卖的。
(5)用于“动词(hit,strike,pull,take等)+sb.+介词+the+表示身体部位的名词”结构中, 其中的the不可用物主代词代替。
hit sb.on the head 打某人的头
pull/take sb. by the hand拉/抓住某人的手
strike sb.in the face打某人的脸
2.固定搭配中的定冠词
at the moment 此刻,目前   by the way顺便说一下
in the way 阻碍;挡路   in the distance在远处
not in the least 一点也不   the other day 几天之前
to the point中肯; 切题  take the place of 代替
on the contrary与此相反;恰恰相反
on the other hand另一方面
go to the cinema/theater去看电影/戏剧
in the habit of有……的习惯
make the most/best of 充分利用
to tell (you) the truth(跟你)说实话
for the time being 暂时

[题组试做]
Ⅰ.单句语法填空
1.(2020·湛江市高三调研)The young artists are working on developing original plays based on traditional Chinese idioms to keep the tradition alive while making it popular again with new ideas.
2.(2020·襄阳二次摸底)He decided his toys needed a name, and he chose the name “Lego”.
3.(2020·浙江省七彩阳光联盟联考)The most recent figures show coins and notes are used just 34% of the time, down from 63% a decade ago.
4.(2020·惠州第二次调研)Being the world's most popular online battle game, it already has over 200 million players in China.
Ⅱ.单句改错
5.(2020·广州普通高中第二次综合测试)Flowing through the centre of Guangzhou,the Pearl River plays an important role in the life of city.
city前加the
6.(2020·郑州第三次质量预测)He wanted to order some nice flowers and ask a shop to deliver them to his mother. a→the
7.(2020·武汉部分学校质量监测)I started playing piano that year.
piano前加the
8.(2020·长春第一次质量监测)Instead,she encouraged me with a smile,saying best way to face failure was to keep trying and that no success could be achieved without failure. best前加the

 
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