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引导从句的词和只能接动名词作宾语的词
版块:教育培训   类型:普通   作者:clcfone   查看:24   回复:0   获赞:0   时间:2022-08-24 14:14:39

引导从句的词和只能接动名词作宾语的词
1、引导从句的词
引导从句的词常有:when/ while/ whenever/ before/ after/ until/ till 和if/ unless/ though,但简化必须符合下面两个条件。
(1)当从句与主句主语一致,且从句谓语有be的某种形式时,常可以把从句的主语及be省略掉。
①Be careful when(you are) crossing the street. 过马路的时候要小心。
②He knows many things though(he is)very young. 他年龄不大,但知道的事不少。
③I won’t go to her party unless(I am) invited. 要是不受到邀请,我就不去参加她的宴会。
④While (he was)walking along the sands.Crusoe saw some footprints in the sand.
克鲁索沿沙滩走着的时候,看到沙子上有些脚印。
(2)当从句为it is + adj.时,也常将it is省略掉。
①When (it is)possible,I’ll go to Beijing to see you. 可能的时候,我将去北京看你。

②If (it is)necessary, I’ll come tomorrow. 必要的话,明天我就来。

高中英语单词表3500词必背
英语单词速记
人教版初中英语单词

2、只能接动名词作宾语的词
1)动词:admit, advise, consider, delay, enjoy, excuse, escape, finish, forbid, imagine, keep, mind, miss, practise, suggest, understand
2)词组:insist on, think of, give up, dream of, hear of, depend on, feel like, devote to, be used to, can’t help, prevent…from, look forward to, put off, be worth
[应用]选择正确答案
①The squirrel was lucky that it just missed ________.
A.catching                B.to be caught             C.being caught           D.to catch
②Only one of these books is _________.
A.worth to read        B.worth being read       C.worth of reading      D.worth reading
③I really enjoy ________ that kind of job.
A.do                        B.doing                       C.to do                       D.to be doing
④—“What are you going to do this morning?”
—“I’m thinking of _______ to visit my aunt.”
A.go                        B.going                       C.having gone              D.my going
Key:①C   ②D   ③B   ④B
3、只能接不定式作宾语的动词
下列动词只能接不定式作宾语,不能接动名词:agree, ask, choose, decide, demand, expect, hope, learn, long, manage, offer, plan, promise, pretend, refuse, wish, set out, determine, would love.
[应用]选择正确答案
①We agree _______ here but so far she hasn’t turned up yet.
A.having met              B.meeting               C.to meet                 D.to have met
②She pretended __________ me when I passed by.(MET’89)
A.not to see               B.not seeing           C.to not see              D.having not seen
③Little Jim should love ______ to the theatre this evening.
A.to be taken              B.to take               C.being taken             D.taking
Key:①C   ②A   ③A

题1: Ted came for the weekend wearing only some shorts and a T-shirt, ____ is a stupid thing to do in such weather. 
A. this            B. that            C. what      D. which
题2: He is reading the  book ____he  borrowed from the library yesterday.
 A. whose   B. where C. which      D. as
题3: You’ll find taxis waiting at the bus station ____ you can hire to reach your host family.
A. which    B. where C. when D. as
题3: Between the two parts of the concert is an interval, _______ the audience can buy ice-cream.
A. when          B. where            C. that       D. which
题5: Occasions are quite rare        I have the time to spend a day with my kids.
A. who     B. which C. why D. when
答案
题1: D
详解:____ is a stupid  thing to do in such weather为定 语从句。所填词在从句中作主语,指代整个主句,所以选which。
题2: C
详解:____he borrow ed from the library yesterday为定语从句,其先行词the book在从句中作borrowed的宾语,所以选关系代词which 。
题3: A
详解:先行词为the bus station,从句中谓语动词hire后差宾语,故用关系代词which。____ you can hire to reach your host family为定语从句,其先行词taxis在从句中作can hire的宾语,所以选关系代词which 。
题4: A
详解:_______ the audience can buy ice-cream是定语从句,其先行词为interval。因为从句缺少时间状语in the interval,所以选when。
题5: D
详解:        I have the time to  spend a  day with my kids是定语从句,其先行词为occasions因为从句缺少时间状语on the occasions,所以选when。

 
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