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alive/living/live/lively/lovely的区别用法锦囊
版块:教育培训   类型:普通   作者:clcfone   查看:17   回复:0   获赞:0   时间:2022-07-06 14:23:23

alive/living/live/lively/lovely的区别用法锦囊
1)lovely意“可爱的”,“美好的”如:a lovely day 美好的一天   a  lovely girl 可爱的女孩
2)alive 意为“活着的、有活力的”,是表语形容词,可修饰人、物;在句中做表语宾补和或后置定词,不能用作前置定语。如
He was alive when he was taken to the hospital.他被送往医院时还活着。
Although he is old, he is still very much alive.虽然年老了,但他仍十分活跃。
The fish is still alive/living.那条鱼还活着。
Keep him alive, please.请让他活下去吧。
He is the only man alive in the accident.他是事故中惟一活着的人。
After the war , he remained alive .战后他还活着。
Those alive will gather here. 活着的人将在此相聚。
3)living 意为“活着的、有生命的”,主要用于作前置定语及冠词the 之后表示一类人,也可用作表语,可修饰人或物。如:
a living plant   活的植物        all living things    所有生物         the living    在世者,活着的人们

The living will go on with the work of the dead.活着的人将继续死者的工作。

高中英语单词表3500词必背
英语单词记忆法
人教版初中英语单词

Latin is not a living language. 拉丁语不是现代使用的语言。
He is still living at the age of 95.95岁了他还活着。
4)live [laiv]
(1)(动、植物)“活的”,“有生命的”,“活生生的,主要用来说鸟或其它动物,作前置定语;如:a live fish一条活鱼 a live tiger  一只活老虎
(2)实况的,现场直播的;如:a live report现场报道    a live show/broadcast/TV program现场转播的表演/实况广播/现场直播的电视节目    living有精神的,活泼的,快活的,轻快的
Her grandfather is still living at the age of 93.她爷爷已经93岁了,仍然健在。
5)lively 意为“活泼的”,“有生气的”, “生动的”
“生动的”,可用作表语、定语,指人或物。如:a lively child  活泼的孩子    a lively description  
生动的描述如:a lively mind 活跃的头脑   a lively discussion 热烈的讨论
a way of making one’s classes lively   使课堂生动的方法
He told a lively story about his life in Africa. 他讲述了一个有关他的非洲生活的一个生动故事。
Young children are usually lively.  年轻人通常很活泼。

1. Last Sunday he made a promise ________ he was free he would take me to Qingdao.
A. if  B. that  C. that if  D. whether
2. Do you have any idea ________ 
A. when Miss Smith will arrive   B. when will Miss Smith arrive
C. how will Miss Smith arrive    D. why hasn't Miss Smith arrived
3. I have almost forgotten ________.
A. how Mr. Taylor's like      B. what Mr. Taylor's face is like
C. what Mr. Taylor's face is    D. which Mr. Taylor's face is like
4. The true value of life is not in ________, but ________.
A. how you get …that you give    B. which you got what you give
C. what you get …what you give   D. what do you get…what do you give
5. Do you know ________ 
A. what is this used for B. what this is used for   C. which this is used D. that this is used for
6. ________ surprised me most was ________.
A. That…that she spoke Japanese so well   B. What…how could she speak Japanese so well
C. What…that she spoke Japanese so well   D. That…why she could speak Japanese so well
7. ________ is to dance.
A. That interests Mary really   B. Which really interests Mary.
C. What really interests Mary   D. What really interest Mary
8. We were greatly amused by ________.
A. what you have told us  B. which you had told us   C. what you told us  D. that you told us
9. These computers are different from ________. 
A. that we expected B. what we expected   C. which we have expected D. what we expect
10. ________ Tom liked to eat was different from ________.
A. That…that you had expected    B. What …that you had expected
C. That…what you had expected    D. What…what you had expected
答案:
1-5 CABCB 6-10 CCCBD 

 
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