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英语构词法讲解与练习-截短法混合法
版块:教育培训   类型:普通   作者:clcfone   查看:5   回复:0   获赞:0   时间:2022-06-22 13:56:05

英语构词法讲解与练习-截短法混合法
截短法(缩略法)
截短法,即将单词缩写,词义和词性保持不变,主要有截头、去尾、截头去尾等形式。
1)截头
telephone→phone 
aeroplane→plane
omnibus→bus 
2)去尾
mathematics→maths 
co-operate→co-op
examination→exam 
kilogram→kilo
laboratory→lab 

taxicab→taxi

高中英语单词表3500词必背
英语单词记忆法
人教版初中英语单词

3)截头去尾
inf luenza→flu
refrigerator→fridge
prescription→script

混合法(混成法)
混合法,即将两个词混合或各取一部分紧缩而成一个新词。后半部分表示主体;前半部分表示属性。
news broadcast→newscast新闻广播
television broadcast→telecast电视播送
smoke and fog→smog烟雾
helicopter airport→heliport直升飞机场
6.首尾字母缩略法
首尾 字母缩略法,即用单词首尾字母组成一个新词。读音主要有两种形式,即各字母分别读音;作为一个单词读音。
very important person→VIP (读字母音)要人;大人物
television→TV (读字母音)电视
Testing of English as a Foreign Language→TOEFL托福

巩固练习
1. That man was ________enough not to tell the manager that he would not do the job.
A. care    B. careful   C. careless   D. carelessness
2. The soldier died for saving the child,so his________ is heavier than Mount Tai.
A. die B. dead C. died D. death
3. The child looked ________at his  brother who was badly wounded.
A. sadly B. sadness C. sadely D. sad
4. He is an expert at chemistry. We all call him a ________.
A. chemistry B. chemical
C. chemist D. physician
5.The three- ________chair isn’t suitable for a young child. He may fall off.
A. legging B. legged C. legs D. leged
6. Stephenson became the________railway engineer in the world.
A. lead B. leader C. leading D. leadership
7.When the teacher praised him for working out the maths problem,Jack looked________about at his classmates.
A. proud B. proudly C. pride D. pridely
8.To everyone’s ________,the girl finished the job quite well.
A. satisfied B. satisfactory
C. satisfying D. satisfaction
9.—What are you doing here?
—Oh,my teacher asked me to write a passage about ________in English.
—You can write________passage in English?
A. 600 words;a 600-words 
B. 600-word;a 600-words
C. 600 words;a 600-word 
D. 600 words;a 600-words
10. No one should enter the spot without the________of the police.
A. permit B. permission
C. permitting D. permittence

[参考答案]
1-5 BDACB    6-10 CBDCB

 
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