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英语部分倒装结构高频考点
版块:教育培训   类型:普通   作者:clcfone   查看:34   回复:0   获赞:0   时间:2022-06-17 14:09:42

英语部分倒装结构高频考点
1. 含有否定意义的副词或连词(如not, seldom, little, hardly, never, rarely, nowhere等)放在句首时。
 seen him. 我以前没见过他。 
  必背:表示“刚……就……的倒装结构
  Hardly had he started to leave when it began to rain.
  Scarcely had he sat down when his mobile phone rang.  
  No sooner had he handed in his paper than he realized his mistakes.
2. 副词only +状语放在句首时。
  Only when he is seriously ill does he ever stay in bed. 只有他病重时,他才待在床上。(only+状语从句,从句不倒装,主句倒装)
3. so作“也”讲时,引导的句子用倒装语序,表示前面所说的肯定情况也适用于另一人(或物)。其句型是:So + be(have,助动词或情态动词)+主语。
注意:如果对前面所说的内容,加以肯定,或不作“也”讲而只起连词作用,表示一种结果的意思,那不倒装。
4.Neither/nor引导的句子用倒装语序,用于对前面所说的否定内容表示同样的看法。

注意:如果前面所说的内容既有肯定又有否定,或前后的谓语动词形式不一致时,用“It is the same with +主语”结构或用“So it is with +主语”结构。

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5. “so...that...和“such...that...”结构中的so或such位于句首时。
6.一些表示频率的副词(如many a time, often等)位于句首时。
7.表示方式、程度的副词位于句首时。
  Well do I remember the day when I joined the League.
  Gladly would I accept your proposal. 
8.非谓语动词 + be + 主语。
  Covering much of the earth's surface is a blanket of water.

1.Shortly after suffering from a massive earthquake and________to ruins,the city took on a new lo ok.
A.reducing  B.reduced
C.bei ng reduced  D.having reduce d
解析 考查非谓语动词。首先判断此处是and连接的after之后的并列的动名词形式;且reduce与主语city之间为被动关系,故选C。
答案 C
2.Laura was away in Paris  for over a week.When she go t home,there was a pile of mail________for her.
A.waited  B.to wait  C.waiting  D.was wait ing
解 析 考查非谓语动词。此题there b e句型的主语mail后接后置定语, wait与mail间为主动关系,且wait这个动作正在进行,故选C,现在分词。
答案 C
3.Let those in need ________ that we will go all out to help them.
A. to understand  B.understand
C.understanding  D.understood
解析 考查非谓语动词。动词let后接动词原形understand做宾补,表示与宾语those in need之间为主动关系,构成短语let sb do sth。故选B。
答案 B
4.The witnesses ________ by the police just now gave very different descriptions of the fight.
A.questioned  B.being questi  o ned
C.to be questioned  D.having questioned
解析 考查非谓语动词。首先判断此处需要一个非谓语动词作witnesses的后置定语;且判断动词question与witnesses间为被动关系;根据非谓语动词短语中标志词just now可知动作question已经完成。故可选A。区别:done作后置定语意为“已被……的”;being done作后置定语意为“正被…… 的”;to be done作后置定语意为“将被……的”。
答案 A
5.________which university to attend,the gi rl asked her teacher for advice.
A.Not knowing  B.Knowing not
C.Not known  D.Known not 
解析 考查非谓语动词。主语the girl与非谓语动词know之间为主动关系,故用现在分词;且非谓语动词的否定式应在其前加否定词。据此可知答案为A。此处分词Not knowing在句中作原因状语。
答案 A

 
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