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关系副词引导的定语从句介词与关系代词
版块:教育培训   类型:普通   作者:clcfone   查看:57   回复:0   获赞:0   时间:2022-06-06 14:13:40
关系副词引导的定语从句介词与关系代词
关系副词引导的定语从句
1、when  时间状语
注意:It/Ihis/That + be + the first/ second/ last time that… 只能用that,that可以省略,从句用相应的完成时。
2、where 地点状语
注意:当先行词为模糊的地点时,如point. Situation, case, position, stage, scene, spot, activity, family, job等名词时用where.
3、why 原因状语 先行词为reason。
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介词与关系代词
1、介词如何确定
(1)依据定语从句中动词的习惯搭配来确定
(2)依据先行词的习惯搭配来确定
(3)根据意思来确定
(4)为了强调某一名词,不定式前加上关系词
2、关系代词作介词的宾语时,介词的位置
(1)whom和which可以和介词一起放在先行词和从句之间,也可以把介词放在从句中有关动词的后面。
(2)含有介词的短语动词一般不拆开,介词仍放在动词的后面。
(3)关系代词that在从句中作介词宾语时,介词不能放在它的前面,只能放在从句中有关动词的后面。
(4)关系代词whose也可以在从句中与它所修饰的名词一起作介词宾语。
3、“名词/数词/代词+介词+关系代词”结构常见的形式有:名词/one/two/some/none/all/both/several/many/most/a few/a little/the+比较级/the+最高级…+of+which/whom。

  1. — Sorry to have interrupted you. Please go on.
  — Where was I ?
  — You _____ you didn’t like your father’s job.
  A. had said B. said C. were saying D. had been saying
  2. I arrived late; I _____ the road to be so iey.
  A. wouldn’t expect B. haven’t expected C. hadn’t expected D. wasn’t expecting
  3. I ______ while reading the English textbook. Luckily, my roommate woke me up in time !
  A. had fallen asleep B. have fallen asleep C. fell asleep D. fall asleep
  4. Let’s keep to the point or we ______ any decisions.
  A. will never reach B. have never reached C. never reach D. never reached
  5. My mind wasn’t on what he was saying, so I’m afraid I _____ half of it.
  A. was missing B. had missed C. will miss D. missed
  答案与解析
  1、C 语境中暗含着一个时间信息:当我打断你说话的时候。
  2、C arrive是关键信息:(我在出发之前)没有预料到路会这么滑。这里谈论的显然是过去(started)的过去(had expected).
  3、C根据woke(wake 的过去式)可以判断,这里谈论的与“现在”无关,因此可以排除B和D两项。I是在读书期间睡着的(while reading),而不是在之前睡着的,所以A项也是不恰当的。
  4、A 句意:请不要偏离话题,不然的话,我们就不会取胜得决定。祈使句与and 或or 连用是常见的说法,又如:Turn left and you will find the bookstore.向左转,你就会找到那个书店里。Listen to me or you will never succeed.听我的话,否则,你不会成功的。同时在谈到will do和be going to do 表示将来的区别时,will表意愿和既时的将来,而后者表示计划的或有迹象的将来。例如:
  Give him the big apple or he oil not allow  us to go with him.
  —Why didn’t you come to my birthday party?
  —I was going to ,but my wife returned.
  5、D 句意:(当时)我并没有注意他说的话,所以(现在)我觉得他讲的话一半我没有听到。题干句中透圳出时间信息的三个地方:wasn’t ,was saying和I’m afraid是做出选择的重要依据。

 
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