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虚拟语气词should在宾语从句表语从句中的应用
版块:教育培训   类型:普通   作者:clcfone   查看:14   回复:0   获赞:0   时间:2022-05-28 14:17:27
虚拟语气词should在宾语从句表语从句中的应用
特殊的虚拟语气词:should
1) It is demanded / necess ary / a pity + that…结构中的主语从句的谓语动词要用should 加动词原形, should 可省略。
句型:
     (1)suggested
It is  (2)important    that…+ (should) do
    (3) a pity
(1)suggested, ordered, proposed, required,  demanded, requested, insisted; + (should) do 
(2)important, necessary, natu ral, st range
a pity,  a shame,  no wonder
(3)It is suggested that we (should) hold a meeting next wee k.
  It is necessary that he (should) come to our meeting tomorrow.
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2)在宾语从句中的应用
  在表示命令、建议、要求等一类动词后 面的从句中。
order, sugges t, propose, require, demand, request, insist, command, insist + (shou ld) do 
  I suggest that we (should) hold a meeting next week.
  He insisted that he (should ) be sent there.
 注意: 如suggest, insist不表示"建议" 或"坚持要某人做某事时",即它们用于其本意"暗示、表明"、"坚持认为"时,宾语从句用陈述语气。
  The guard at gate  insisted that everybody obey the rules. 
 判断改错:
 (错) You pale face suggests th at yo u (should) be ill. 
  (对)  Y our pale face suggests that you are ill.
   (错)  I insisted that you ( should) be wrong.
  (对)  I insisted that you were wrong. 

3)在表语从句,同位语从句中的应用
  在suggestion, proposal, idea, plan, order, advice等名词后面的表语从句、同位语从句中要用虚拟语气,即(should)+动词原形。
   My idea is that we (should) get more people to attend the conference.
   I make a proposal that we (should)  hold a meeting next week.

An average of just 18.75cm of rain fell last year, making ______ the driest year since California became a state in 1850.     
A. each    B. it       C. this     D. one
考察代词辨析    
【答案】B本题四的选项中each表 示三者或者三者以上中的任意一个;it指上文提及的同一事物;this指代上文说过事物;one指代可数名词单数,表示泛指。本句中的it指代l ast year。句意:去年平均降雨18.75厘米,让去年成为自从1850年加利福尼亚成为一个州以来最干燥的一年。故B正确。
【举一反三】We shouldn't take _____ for granted that we still have a lot of time before the Entrance Examination
A. this               B. that               C. it                  D. such
【答案】C      
试题分析:考查it做形式宾语:句意:我们不应该理所当然的认为我们离高考还有很长的时间。It是形式宾语,that引导的是真正的宾语从句,选C。

We most prefer to say yes to the ______ of someone we know and like.
A. attempts           B. requests            C. doubts               D. promises
考察名词词义辨析    
【答案】B    
名词attempt尝试;企图;request请求;doubt怀疑;promise诺言;我们更喜欢同意那些我们了解和喜欢的人的请求。根据句意说明B项request与上下文语境相符。故B正确。
【举一反三】
—I can’t repair these until tomorrow, I’m afraid.      A. no problem   B. no wonder
—That’s OK, there’s ______.                                C. no doubt D. no hurry
〖答案〗D    
本题考查名词词组。根据第一句的意思可知 “说话者担心来不及修好”, 所以对方劝慰他不用急。no problem意思是 “没问题”, 通常单独使用或用That’s no problem;(It’s) no wonder…意思是 “难怪”;There is no doubt…意思是 “毫无疑问”。

 
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