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虚拟条件句的省略与倒装用法归纳
版块:教育培训   类型:普通   作者:clcfone   查看:11   回复:0   获赞:0   时间:2022-05-25 14:40:39
虚拟条件句的省略与倒装用法归纳
1. 虚拟条件句的省略与倒装
当if引导的虚拟条件从句中含有had, were, should等时,如将if省略,则要将had, were, should等移到主语前,构成倒装句:
Had you come yesterday, you would have seen him.若你昨天来,你就会见到他了。
Should you require anything give me a ring. 如果需要什么,可以给我打电话。
Were it not for your help, I would st ill be homeless. 要不是你帮助,我会仍然无家可归。
【注意】省略if后提前的had不一定是助动词:
Had I money, I would buy it. 假若我有钱,我就会买它。
高中英语单词表3500词必背
英语单词记忆法
高中英语课本

2. “so+adj. / adv.”位于句首时的倒装
副词so后接形容词或副词位于句首时,其后用部分倒装:
So cold was the weather that we had to stay at home. 天气太冷,我们只好呆在家里。
So fast does light trav e l that we can hardly imagine its speed. 光速很快,我们几乎没法想像它的速度。
So sudden was the attack that we  had no time to escape. 袭击来得非常突然,我们来不及逃跑。

  考查定冠词the特指某一个人或事物的用法
  1. I looked under_____bed and found books I lost last week.
  A. the; a B. the;the
  C. 不填;the D. the; 不填
  【解析】 答案为B。此题中的the bed和the books都为特指。the bed 指“所看的床”;the books指“所丢的书”。
  2. I lik e_____color of your skirt. It is good match for your blouse.
  A. a; theB. a; aC. the; a D. the; the
  【解析】 答案为C。 the color指“你衬衫的颜色”;a good match泛指“和你的外套相配的一种好颜色”。

  考查不定冠词及零冠词的习惯搭配
  1. George couldn’t remember when he first met Mr. An derson, but he was sure
  it was Sunday because everybody was at church.
  A. /; the B. the; / C. a; / D. /; a
  【解析】 答案为C。a Sunday泛指某一个星期天;at church为固定搭配,不用冠词,意为“在做礼拜”。
  2. Many people have come to realize that they should go on _____balanced diet and makeroom in their day for exercise.
  A. a; / B. the; a C. the; the D. /; a
  【解析】 答案为A。a balanced diet泛指“一种平衡的饮食”;make room为固定搭配,意为“腾出空间”。

  考查不定冠词在具体化的抽象名词前的用法
  1. —How about_____Christmas evening party?
  —I should say it was_____success.
  A. a; a B. the; a
  C. a; 不填 D. the; 不填
  【解析】 答案为B。the Christmas evening party为特指刚结束的圣诞晚会;a success考查抽象名词具体化时的不定冠词用法。success原为抽象名词,不可数, 但在此处已经完全具体化而变为可数名词。题中a success意为“一次成功的晚会”。当抽象名词表示具有某种特性、状态、情感、情绪的人和事时,这个抽象名词已经变为可数名词,再如What a pleasant surprise you gave us! 意为“你真的给我们带来了惊 喜”。

 
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