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中学阶段重难点短语复习与练习in brief等
版块:教育培训   类型:普通   作者:clcfone   查看:11   回复:0   获赞:0   时间:2022-01-14 15:10:47

中学阶段重难点短语复习与练习in brief等
1. benefit(from)受益,得到好处。
I have benefited a lot from extensive reading. 广泛的阅 读使我受益匪浅。
This project is of great benefit to everyone. 这项工程对每个人都大有好处。
2. by birth 在出生上,论出身,按血统 at birth 在出生时;give birth to 出生
I am French by birth and a British subject by marriage. 我按出生是法国人,因结婚而成为英国公民。
The baby weighed seven pounds at birth. 那婴儿出生时重七磅。
On October17, at 9:25 A. M. I gave birth to a beautiful baby girl. 10月17日上午9时25分,我生下一个漂亮的小女孩。
3. blame sb. for sth. 因……责备某人    blame sth. on sb. 把……推在某人身上[来源:学,科,网]
The driver was not to blame for the accident. 这次事故怪不着司机。=
They couldn’t blame the accident on the driver. 
4. on board 到船上,在船上,上火车或飞机 

We went on board Athens yesterday morning. 我们昨天早晨登上雅典号。

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英语单词记忆
高中英语教材

5. in brief(=in as few words as possible)简言之
In brief, Tom is a lazy boy. 简而言之,汤姆是个懒孩子。
6. on business 出差办事。
I have to go to London on business tomorrow. 明天我要到伦敦去办事。
7. be busy with sth. 忙于某事     be busy doing sth. 忙于做某事
He is busy with some important work. 他正忙于处理一些重要的事情。
=He is busy doing some important work. 
8. but for(=without)要不是。表示假设
But for your advice, I should have failed. 要不是你的忠告,我会失败的。
But for music(=Were it not for music), life would be dull. 要不是音乐,人生会很无聊。
9. be capable of 能够,有能力 be capable of being +过去分词:是能够被……的
Salamanders once were thought to be capable of living in fire. 火蜥蜴曾被认为能生活于火中。
10. in any case(=for love or money, at any rate, at any price, at any cost, whatever happens; anyhow)无论如何 
In any case he can not give up it. 他无论如何也不会放弃它。
11. in case(=for fear that)万一;in case of(=in the event of)如果发生……万一  in the case of 至于……,就……而言 in no case在任何情况下都不(倒装句放句首)
In case you need something, please don’t hesitate to let me know. 如果你需要什么东西,请别客气,尽管跟我说。
In case of emergency, break the glass and press the button. 遇到紧急情况时,击碎玻璃罩并摁下按钮。
I will reveal your secret in no case. 我决不会泄漏你的秘密。
12. be cautious of 谨防
She is cautious of telling secrets. 她很谨慎,不会泄露秘密。
13. center one’s attention on(=focus one’s attention on)把某人的注意力集中在……上  
You should focus your attention on your work. 你应该把注意力放到工作上。
14. in charge of(=responsible for)负责(某事)
in the charge of …由……管 
take charge of(=to be or become responsible for)负责管理(照顾)
Mr. Zhang was in charge of the shop while the manager was away. 经理不在时,张先生负责这个商店. =The shop was in the charge of Mr. Zhang while the manager was away. 
15. charge…for 因……索取(费用),charge sb. with sth. 控告某人犯有……
As long as you’ve paid in advance we won’t charge you for delivery. 只要你预先付款,我们就不收你送货费。
Bill was charged with murderer. 比尔被指控谋杀。
16. round the clock(=all day and all night, usually without stopping)昼夜不停地
Surgeons are working round the clock to save his life. 外科医生们正在日夜工作以抢救他的生命。
17. comment on 评论
Downing Street has so far refused to comment on these reports. 英国政府对这些报道迄今不予置评。
18. commit oneself to 使自己承担……  commit sb. to prison把某人送进监狱;commit one’s idea to writing 把某人的想法写下来;commit a matter to a committee 把某事交给委员会讨论
She committed herself to science. 她专心从事科学事业。
19. in common(和……)有共同之处,共用。  be common to sb. 是与某人所共有的
The two sisters have nothing in common. 两姐妹没有什么共同之处。
In this situation it is common to say that nothing can be done until law and order is restored. 一般来说在这种形势下,不恢复法律和秩序是什么也干不了的。
20. keep company with(=be friendly and go out together)和……要好。
He w ho keeps company with a wolf will learn to howl. [谚]跟狼在一起,就会学狼叫;近墨者黑。

【模拟试题】
常考的动词短语专项练习:选择最佳选项
1. It was foolish of him to ______ his notes during that important test, and as a result, he got punished. 
A. stick to B. refer to  C. keep to  D. point to 
2. The sports meet will be____ next week because of the bad weather. 
A. put off B. put away C. put up D. put down  
3. This book _______ and tell me what you think of it. 
A. look through B. look on  C. look into D. look up 
4. After all the students had taken their seats, the teacher _______the examination paper. 
A. handed in B. handed on  C. handed out D. handed over 
5. I really don’t want to go to the party, but I don’t see how I can _______ it. 
A. get back from B. get off  C. get away D. get out of 
6. Readers can_______ quite well without knowing the exact meaning of each word. 
A. get over B. get in C. get along D. get through 
7. I can hardly hear the radio. would you please _____? 
A. turn it on B. turn it down  C. turn it up  D. turn it off 
8. It is wise to have _______some money for old age. 
A. put away B. kept up  C. given away D. laid up [来源:Zxxk.Com]
9. We are all going to the games. why don’t you come ________? 
A. up  B. across  C. along  D. to 
10. She______ his number in the phone book to make sure that she had got it right. 
A. looked up B. looked for  C. picked out D. picked up 
答案
1—5 BAACB  6—10 CCACA 

 
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