1. be absent from… 缺席，不在
Is anybody absent from class?
2. absence of mind(=being absent-minded) 心不在焉
Don’t be absent-minded at this very moment.
3. absorb(=take up the attention of)吸引……的注意力(被动语态):be absorbed in 全神贯注于…… 近:be engrossed in ; be lost in ; be rapt in ;be concentrated on ; be focused on ; be centered on
The children were so absorbed in their game that they did not feel hungry.
4. (be) abundant in(be rich in; be well supplied with) 富于,富有
As we know, China is abundant in natural resources.
5. access(to) (不可数名词) 能接近,进入,了解
Citizens may have free access to the library.
6. by accident(=by chance, accidentally)偶然地,意外. without accident(=safely) 安全地,
He did it whether by accident or design.
如何快速记单词7. of one’s own accord(=without being asked; willingly; freely)自愿地 ,主动地He joined the army of his own accord.8. in accord with 与……一致. out of one’s accord with 同……不一致His words are in accord with his ideas.9. in accordance with (=in agreement with) 依照,根据I am in accordance with him in this matter. 在这件事情上我同他是一致的。He acted in accordance with his beliefs. 他按照自己的信念行事。10. on account of 因为 We delayed our departure on account of the bad weather. 由于天气不好, 我们将启程的时间推迟了.11. take…into account(=consider)把……考虑进去He will take into account my request. 他会考虑我的要求。12. account for (=give an explanation or reason for) 解释, 说明。He has been asked to account for his conduct.他被要求解释他的行为。13. accuse…of…(=charge…with; blame sb. for sth. ; blame sth. on sb. ; complain about) 指控,控告He was accused of murderer. 他被指控谋杀。14. be acquainted with(=to have knowledge of) 了解; (=to have met socially) 熟悉Nowadays, everyone has to be acquainted with high-tech knowledge. 当今，每个人都必须对高科技有所了解。Being acquainted with English is sure to help you a lot.学会英语一定会对你大有帮助。15. act on 奉行,按照……行动; act as 扮演; My idea is that we shall act on his suggestion. 我的意见是我们应当按照他的建议去办。 The forest will act as a defense against desert dust.16. adapt oneself to(=adjust oneself to) 使自己适应于One should adapt oneself to the changed conditions. 我们应当使自己适应变化了的情况。17. adapt…(for) (=make sth. suitable for a new need) 改编, 改写(以适应新的需要)This novel has been adapted for radio from the Russian original. 这部小说已由俄文原著改编成无线电广播节目。18. in addition (=besides) 此外, 又, 加之In addition to a diet, she pursues various exercises on TV. 节食以外她还随电视做体操。19. adjust…(to) (=change slightly)调节; 适应;[来源:学科网]He adjusted himself very quickly to the heat of the country. 他很快使自己适应了这个国家炎热的天气。20. in advance (before in time) 预告, 事先.Before visiting him, I called him up in advance. 在拜访他之前，我先打电话给他。21. have an advantage over 胜过. have the advantage of 由于……处于有利条件 have the advantage of sb.知道某人所不知道的事This method has the advantage of saving a lot of fuel. 这个方法有可以节省很多燃料的优点。Her teaching experience gave her a big advantage over the other applicants for the job.她的教学经验使她比起其他求职者具有很大的有利条件。22. take advantage of (=make the best of, utilize, make use of, profit from, harness)利用.She took advantage of his good nature.她利用了他脾气好这个特点。23. agree with 赞同(某人意见) agree to 同意I entirely agree with you. 我完全同意你的看法。We couldn’t agree on a date/when to meet.关於日期[什么时候见面], 我们未能取得一致意见.24. in agreement (with) 同意, 一致We are in agreement with their decision. 我们同意他们的决定。25. ahead of 在……之前, 超过……; ahead of time 提前.He will be ahead of others in English. 他在英语方面将超过别人。【模拟试题】1. — It’s a good idea. But who’s going to ______the plan? —I think Tom and Greg will. A. set aside B. carry out C. take in D. get through 2. Happily for John’s mother, he is working harder to _______ his lost time. A. make up for B. keep up with C. catch up with D. make use of 3. If you had _____ your test paper carefully before handing it in, you would have made fewer mistakes. A. looked up B. thought about C. gone over D. gone round 4. Would you slow down a bit, please? I can’t _______ you. A. keep up with B. put up with C. make up to D. hold on to 5. You’d better ______ some money for special use. A. pick up B. give away C. put off D. set aside 6. In order to ________ with the advanced countries, we must keep learning. A. get along B. put up C. catch up D. go on 7. We didn’t plan our art exhibition like that but it ______ very well. A. worked out B. tried out C. went on D. carried on 8. I’m planning to hold a party in the open air, but I can make no guarantees because it ______ the weather. A. links with B. depends on C. connects to D. decides on 9. — Smoking is bad for your health. —Yes, I know. But I simply can’t _____. A. give it up B. give it in C. give it out D. give it away 10. If you ______ any problems when you arrive at the airport, give me a ring． A. come up with B. set about C. run into D. put aside 答案1~5 BACAD 6~10 CABAC