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高考英语重点词语复习100例41-60
版块:教育培训   类型:普通   作者:clcfone   查看:12   回复:0   获赞:0   时间:2022-01-12 13:48:10

高考英语重点词语复习100例41-60
41. but 用法:not…but…bu t for next but one, have no choice bu to do sth., all but 几乎,差一点 
Note: do nothing but do sth. nothing前有do,后面的to要省略。 
Not only… but also…引导的并列句,前倒后不倒。 
cannot help/ choose but do sth. 不能不,只能 
42. by 用法:by a ccident, by air/ sea/ tra in, by and by, by far, by force, by mistake, by chance, by the way 
Note: by way of 取道,经由。by reason of 由于。by 引导的时间状语一般句子用完成时态。 
43. call 用法: call for/up/back /in , call on s b. to do sth., pay/ make a call on sb. give sb. a call ,on call 
Note: call at后面跟地点;call on 后面跟人。 
call vt.叫喊;打电话给… I'll call the roll before class. 
课前我要点名。 
call on sb 拜访,号召 call at 访问(某人的家);(火车、船)停靠 

call for 需要 

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And there's a phone call for you, Mr. Bennett. 
Bennett先生 有你的电话。 
call for sb 去接某人一起去做某事 
call off 取消(计划,比赛) 
call out (call out+to sb.)大声地叫 
call up sb 打电话 
call in 请进来 
We'll call in a couple of days. 
我们两三天后打电话。 
44. care 用法:take care of; with care; care for/about 
Note: care about表示在乎,常用于否定句;care for表示关心,喜爱,常用于肯定句。 
45. carry 用法:carry表示搬运;carry on表示进行;坚持下去;carry out表示执行。 
Note: carry没有方向性,可以表示随身携带。 
carry vt.携带;运载;传送 
Another generation to carry on the Stewart name. 
这是承继Stewart家族香火的新一代。 
carry out 进行到底,贯彻执行 
Tomorrow, Sandra will carry out the garbage. 
明天珊多拉将会收拾垃圾的。 
carry out 是成就、完成的惯用语,但在此处,表示从厨房把 garbage 运到外面去。 
carry on 进行下去,坚持下去 
Another generation to carry on the Stewart name. 
这是承继Stewart家族香火的新一代。 
carry away 拿走,入迷,被...吸引 
carry forward 推进,发扬(精神) 
carry off 抢走,夺走/获得奖品 
carry through 进行到底,完成计划 
carry sb through 使...渡过难关 
46. case 用法:in case; in case of; in any case; in this/that case 
Note: in case后面的状语从句可以用虚拟语气,即in case sb. should do的形式。 
47. catch 用法:catch the thief; catch fire; catch a cold; catch up with, catch sb. doing sth. 
Note: be caught表示陷入困境,如:He was caught in the rain. 
catch vt.捉;抓住 vi.接住 We didn't catch anything. 我们什么也没有钓着。 
catch up 赶上  
catch on 勾住,绊倒 
catch at 想抓住 
A drowning man will catch at a straw. 溺水者见草也要抓;急何能择。 be caught in the rain 被雨淋 
catch up with 赶上某人, 补上工作 
48. cattle 用法:集合名词,动词要用复数形式。如: 
Cattle are raised here. 
Note: 一头牛可以用a head of cattle.  
注意十头牛用ten head of cattle。 
49. chance 用法:by chance; take a chance; there is a chance that… 
Note: 在chance后面可以用动词不定式或者of的结构作定语。 
50. change 用法: 
change A for B表示用A换成B; 
change A into B 表示把A变成B。 
Note: 表示变化时是可数名词,表示零钱时不可数。 
51. charge用法:charge sb. with (doing) sth. that… , charge sb. to do sth. charge sb. for $ 
Note: in charge of 负责;in the charge of 由某人负责(表示的是被动的)。 
52. class 用法:集合名词,谓语动词单复数由其表示的意思决定。 
Note: in class表示在上课,in the class表示在班上。 
53. clear用法:clear away, clear off, make clear, it is clear that… 
Note: clear up 及物时表示“澄清,整理,收拾”;不及物表示“晴朗起来,开朗起来”。 
clear a.清澈的;清晰的 vt.清除 
It is said it will clear up tonight. 天气预报说今晚雨就会停。 
clear up (天气)转晴,澄清事实,整理收拾 
It is said it will clear up tonight. 天气预报说今晚雨就会停。 
clear away 清除掉,去掉,消散 
clear off 消除(积雪)等障碍,把...拆掉,擦掉,清除 
54. close 用法:动词表示关闭;形容词表示亲密的;副词表示靠近。 
Note: close作副词时表示距离上的靠近,而另一个副词形式closely表示密切地。 
55. clothes 用法:复数名词,谓语动词用复数,不能加不定冠词。 
Note: 要用few或many来修饰。 
56. collect 用法:collect stamps; collect one’s child from school 
Note: a collect phone表示对方付费的电话。 
57. come 用法:表示到说话者所处的地方来。常见短语有:come to, come about, come across, come out, come to an end, come down, come up, come into being/ exist / force / effect等。 
Note: 可用作系动词,表示变成,如:His dreams came true. 
come vi.到来; 变得; 到达 May I come in? 我能进来吗? 
come across 偶然发现,偶然遇到 come on 快点(口),开始,到来,举行,走吧,一起去 Oh, come on now. 噢 别这样了。 
come at 向...扑过来,向...袭击 7. We may come at another time.我们可以另找个时间来。 
come down 倒下,(温度,价格)下降,病倒 come forward 涌现,主动地响应要求做某事 
come in 进来,上市 
And have you had an engineer come in to do an inspection? 
你们可有一个工程师来做过检查吗 
come from 来自于 I come from Japan. 我来自日本。 
come out 出来,出发,结果 
Did Mitchell Johnson's review come out yet? 
Mitchell Johnson的评论出来了没有 ? 
come to 苏醒,总共,达到,得到谅解 
When will he come to see you? 他什么时候来看你? 
come up sb 走进 come up 种子生长发育,被提出 
 I'll come up with something. 我会想出个办法的。 
come to one's rescuers 帮助 
come true 实现 
I know, but it's still a dream come true. 
我知道 但这终究是一个梦想实现了。 
58. common 用法:表示普遍性,如:Smith is a common name. 
Note: common sense表示常识;in common表示共同点。 
59. compare 用法:compare…with…表示把……与……作比较;compare…to…表示把……比作……。  
Note: 用作状语时,二者都可以表示比较,如:Compared with/to other women, she was very lucky. 
60. consider用法:consider doing sth. / what to do / that...,consider sb. sth. 
Note: 该词直接跟宾语用动名词但可以用不定式作宾补;considering引导短语作状语,表示“考虑到”。 

 
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