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非谓语动词作状语的用法知识点讲练--不定式作状语
版块:教育培训   类型:普通   作者:clcfone   查看:19   回复:0   获赞:0   时间:2022-01-03 14:11:42
非谓语动词作状语的用法知识点讲练--不定式作状语
Point 1 做目的状语,意为“为了”,可以单独放在句首、句中或句末。
To pass the college entrance exam, we must work hard.
为了通过大学入学考试,我们必须努力学习。
Mike had to shout to make himself heard above the sound of the music.
麦克不得不大声说话,以便能在如此大的音乐下被别人听见。
【特别注意】也可用in order to 或so as to 表示目的,但so as to 不能用于句首。
The bus stopped so as to pick up passengers.
公交车停下来以便搭载乘客。
He got up early in order to catch the first bus.
他早起是为了赶上第一版公交车。
语法易错题
英语单词记忆
高中英语教材

Point 2 作结果状语。常表示令人意外的结果。
Only/just to do 表示意想不到的结果
Enough to do 足够做...
Too...to do 太...而不能.....
So/such... as to...如此...以至于....
I went to see him last night only/ just to find him out.
我昨晚去找他。结果发现他出去了。(表示出乎意料的结果)
Mary is too tired to do the job.
玛丽太累了,做不了这项工作。
He is old enough to go to school.
他到上学的年龄了。

Point 3 作原因状语。常用在表示情感或态度的sorry, surprised, disappointed, excited, glad,happy 等形容词后,常用结构为“主语+系动词+形容词+to do”。
Tom was very happy to see his mother.
汤姆看到她的妈妈很高兴。
I was surprised to find him here.
发现他在这里我很开心。
【特别注意】easy, difficult, hard, cheap, expensive, fit, comfortable, heavy, good 等形容词表示主语的特征或性质,后面接不定式作状语时,不定式和句子主语之间存在被动关系,但常用主语形式表示被动意义。
English is easy to learn. 英语学起来很容易。
The book is very hard to understand. 这本书很难理解。

阅读理解七选五   根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。
What’s in my lunchbox?
    86      I often eat a packed lunch.(自备午餐).My mother gives me healthy food for lunch. She doesn’t want me to eat school lunch.     87     Because she thinks they aren’t healthy. Then what does my mother put in my lunch box? She gives me different things every day. I always have a sandwich, but the bread is different.    88        Cheese, meat and tomato. What else is in my lunchbox? I always have some fruit. Today is an apple.
    89     They are not my favorite. My favorite fruit is bananas, but aren’t any bananas today.                      90      I have to drink orange juice.
   It is all my mother gives me. So she gives me the best lunch in the world. 
A. What do I eat for lunch?
B. Is that all I eat for lunch?
C. Why doesn’t she want me to eat school lunch?
D. My mother gives me different food.
E. What are in my sandwich today?
F. Do I like apples?
G. What do I have to drink?
86.__________ 87.__________88.____________ 89.___________ 90.__________
答案:
86.A 87.C  88.E   89.F  90.G

 
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