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新高考英语语法单词类讲义leave语法知识点整理总结
版块:教育培训   类型:普通   作者:clcfone   查看:30   回复:0   获赞:0   时间:2022-01-02 13:54:23
新高考英语语法单词类讲义leave语法知识点整理总结
英语语法:leave
1.      leave + sb./sth. + prep. phr. (介词词组或副词词组做宾语补足语)
把……留在/丢在/丢给……;导致……(状态)
Chris left a message on your answerphone.
I don’t want to leave my mother at home on her own.
She left the children with a friend for the afternoon.
Don’t worry – just leave everything to me.
The previous government left the economy in ruins.
The storm left 50,000 homes without power.
语法易错题
英语单词记忆
高中英语教材

2.      leave + sb./sth. + v-ing/v-ed(分词词组做宾语补足语)
让(留下)某人做某事;让/导致某事处于某种状态(参考have、keep、make)
Salter drove off, leaving Callendar surveying the scene.
索特尔开车走了,留下加林达继续调查现场。
She declared the meeting closed, leaving many problems unsolved.
她宣布会议结束,留下很多问题尚未解决。
Kate’s sudden departure left usall wondering whatwas going to happen.
凯特的突然离去让我们困惑要发生什么。
 
3.      leave + sb./sth. to do(不定式做宾语补足语)
把某件事留给(任由)某人去做(allow someone to continue doing something there)
I’ll leave you to get on with your book.
我会留下你继续看书。
Leave questions of guilt or innocence for the jury to decide.
把罪与非罪的问题留给陪审团去裁决吧。
Wherever ants go,they leave a chemical trail for other ants to follow.
蚂蚁不管去哪里,都会在身后留下化学标记物给其他蚂蚁跟踪。
 4.   掌握动词leave的意义:
宾语补足语形式多样,分词宾补的判断取决于它和宾语的关系。
注意一个难点:be left/kept/made/found等被动式后再接宾补。
 We were left wondering what was going to happen.
Many problems were left unsolved.
 
一句话总结:
动词Leave的三个主要意义:离开;把……留下;使……处在(状态)
 
【练一练】
1.        He got up late and hurried to his office, leaving the breakfast _____(not touch).
2.        Hearing the news,he rushed out, leaving the book      (lie)open on the table and disappeared into the distance.
3.        A good story does not necessarily have to have a happy ending, but the reader must not _________ (leave) unsatisfied.
4.        When asked by the police, he said that he remembered ____(leave) alone at the party.
5.        Food supplies in the flood-stricken area are running out.We must act immediately before there’s none ______(leave).
 
(Key: 1. not touched;   2. lying;   3. be left  4. being left    5. left)

 
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