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定语从句中的主谓一致和关系词的选用
版块:教育培训   类型:普通   作者:clcfone   查看:31   回复:0   获赞:0   时间:2021-12-21 13:43:39
定语从句中的主谓一致和关系词的选用
关系词的选用
1只能用that做关系代词的情况:
只能用that做关系代词的情况 例句
1 当先行词是all, everything, anything, nothing, much, little, none, one等不定代词时(something除外) Pay attention to everything that I do.
2 当先行词被All, every, no, some, any, little, much等修饰时 He has little time that he can spare.
3 当先行词被序数词或形容词最高级修饰时
This is the best novel (that) have read.
4 如果出现两个或两个以上的先行词,并同时兼指人和物时 They were talking about the person and things that they remembered in school.
5 当先行词被the only, the last, the way, the same等等修饰时 This is the last time that I I want to see you.
6 .在疑问词who, which, what开头的特殊疑问句中,为了避免重复只用that Which of the students that knows something about history.
7 当定语从句为there be 句型时,关系代词只能用that,也可以省略 This is the fastest train (that) there is to Beijing.
8 当指人或物的关系代词在定语从句中做表语时,关系代词只能用that,也可以省略 China is not the country (that) it was. 
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2指物只能用which 不用that的情况:
只能用which 不用that的情况: 例句
1 在非限制性定语从句中 St Petersburg, which was once called Leningrad, is a very beautiful city.
2 在介词后面 This is the room in which we lived last year.

3指人时只能用who不用 that的情况: 
只能用who不用 that的情况 例句
1 先行词为one, ones,those,anyone,he时    Those who break the law must be punished.

4 as与which
as与which均可引导非限制性定语从句,有时可以互换,但下列情况多用as: 
多用as的情况: 例句
1 与such或the same连用时,一般用as Such books as you read are interesting
Such money as he earned was spent on books.
2 as 引导的从句可以放在句首, as 表“正如…..正象…”之意 As we all know, the earth is round.

定语从句中的主谓一致
定语从句中的动词在人称和数方面应该与它的先行词保持一致:
1.I am not one who is afraid of difficulty.
2.Don’t  choose me, who am not fit for this job.

实战演练
用恰当的关系代词或关系副词填空: 
1. Because of my poor memory, all ____ you told me has been forgotten.
2. Do you remember those days ____ we spent along the seashore very happily? 
3. Those ____ want to go please sign their names here. 
4. Who is the woman ____ is sweeping the floor over there?
5. The man ____ you are going to make friends is my father’s neighbour.
6. Finally, the thief handed over everything ____ he had stolen to the police. 
7. This is the very letter ____came last night. w。w  
8. This is the factory ____ we worked a year ago.
9. Jack is pleased with what you have given him and all ____ you have told him.
10. Do you work near the building ____ colour is yellow?
11. Alice received an invitation from her boss, ____ came as a surprise.
12. I live in the house ____ windows face south..  
13. They stayed with me three weeks, ____ they drank all the wine I had.
14. The room ____ Mr White lives is not very large.  
15. I’ve finished writing the novel, ____ is to be published next month. 
答案:1. that  2. which 3. who  4. that 5. with whom 6. that  7. that 8. where   9. that 10. whose  11. which  12. whose 13. during which  14. where 15. which 

 
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