定语从句中的主谓一致和关系词的选用 关系词的选用 1只能用that做关系代词的情况： 只能用that做关系代词的情况例句 1当先行词是all, everything, anything, nothing, much, little, none, one等不定代词时(something除外)Pay attention to everything that I do. 2当先行词被All, every, no, some, any, little, much等修饰时He has little time that he can spare. 3当先行词被序数词或形容词最高级修饰时 This is the best novel (that) have read. 4如果出现两个或两个以上的先行词，并同时兼指人和物时They were talking about the person and things that they remembered in school. 5当先行词被the only, the last, the way, the same等等修饰时This is the last time that I I want to see you. 6.在疑问词who, which, what开头的特殊疑问句中,为了避免重复只用thatWhich of the students that knows something about history. 7当定语从句为there be 句型时，关系代词只能用that,也可以省略This is the fastest train (that) there is to Beijing. 8当指人或物的关系代词在定语从句中做表语时，关系代词只能用that,也可以省略China is not the country (that) it was. 英语3500词汇表txt下载 人教版七年级下册英语单词表 谷雨单词王
2指物只能用which 不用that的情况: 只能用which 不用that的情况:例句 1在非限制性定语从句中St Petersburg, which was once called Leningrad, is a very beautiful city. 2在介词后面This is the room in which we lived last year.
3指人时只能用who不用 that的情况: 只能用who不用 that的情况例句 1先行词为one, ones，those，anyone，he时 Those who break the law must be punished.
4 as与which as与which均可引导非限制性定语从句，有时可以互换，但下列情况多用as: 多用as的情况:例句 1与such或the same连用时，一般用asSuch books as you read are interesting Such money as he earned was spent on books. 2as 引导的从句可以放在句首, as 表“正如…..正象…”之意As we all know, the earth is round.
定语从句中的主谓一致 定语从句中的动词在人称和数方面应该与它的先行词保持一致: 1.I am not one who is afraid of difficulty． 2.Don’t choose me, who am not fit for this job．
实战演练 用恰当的关系代词或关系副词填空： 1. Because of my poor memory, all ____ you told me has been forgotten. 2. Do you remember those days ____ we spent along the seashore very happily? 3. Those ____ want to go please sign their names here. 4. Who is the woman ____ is sweeping the floor over there? 5. The man ____ you are going to make friends is my father’s neighbour. 6. Finally, the thief handed over everything ____ he had stolen to the police. 7. This is the very letter ____came last night. w。w 8. This is the factory ____ we worked a year ago. 9. Jack is pleased with what you have given him and all ____ you have told him. 10. Do you work near the building ____ colour is yellow? 11. Alice received an invitation from her boss, ____ came as a surprise. 12. I live in the house ____ windows face south.. 13. They stayed with me three weeks, ____ they drank all the wine I had. 14. The room ____ Mr White lives is not very large. 15. I’ve finished writing the novel, ____ is to be published next month. 答案：1. that 2. which3. who 4. that5. with whom6. that 7. that 8. where 9. that10. whose 11. which 12. whose13. during which 14. where15. which