对动词和动词短语主要考查词义辨析，动词的用法与搭配及一词多义；在具体语境中正确使用动词短语。要特别注意一些最常用的词汇，如get, make, have, take等。
(实义动词) 及物动词(vt.)＋宾语 He sang a song for us.
不及物动词(vi.) 后不加宾语 He arrived late.
＋介词 He arrived in Beijing at10 a.m.
系动词 表人或事物的特征和状态：be, feel, appear, seem, look, sound等 He is a farmer.
He seems angry.
表状态变化：become, get, go, turn, grow,
fall等 The fish went bad.
He became a doctor.
表状态的延续或持续：keep, remain, stay等 It keeps warm.
He remained silent.
语法易错题助动词(不能独立作谓语，须与动词原形或分词构成合成谓语)：be, have, do, shall和 will的各种形式 Do come tomorrow.I have bought a car.情态动词can(could), may(might), shall(should), will(would), must, need, dare等 He may come tomorrow.We must study hard. 注：有些动词是兼类词。如：We have lunch at 12.(行为动词) /We have been to Japan.(助动词)常用动词短语：动 词短 语构 成 动词＋副词 break out The Sino-Japanese War broke out in 1937.动词＋介词 Agree with I agree with you on that point.动词+副词＋介词 Come up with I came up with a good idea.动词+名词＋介词 Make use of You should make full use of your time.动词+名词 Take place Great changes are taking place in our life.圈出划线部分的正确答案，使句子完整正确。1.The question that is remained / remains / remaining is: can Luo Peng, the young star, be like Jordan and lead the Bulls to an NBA championship?2. As the popular saying says / tells / goes, “Laugh and the whole world laugh with you. Cry and you cry alone.”3. With the weather worsening, they called off / called for / called in the voyage from London to Australia.4. “Goodbye, then,” she said, without even looking away/looking up/looking at from her book.5. Why don’t you just care/mind/consider your own business and leave me alone?6. Hardly could he get through/get down/get into this amount of work in such a short time.7. The computer system broke out/broke up/broke down suddenly while he was searching for information on the Internet.8. Don’t be taken in/taken off/taken away by products promising to make you lose weight quickly.9. Does this meal cost $50? I expect/prefer/suppose something far better than this?10. Someone who lacks perseverance is unlikely to turn/make/grow a good researcher.11. ---Julia said she sent you a birthday card yesterday. Have you got it?---Oh, really! I haven’t examined/tested/checked my mailbox yet.12. I can’t find my watch. I must have left/forgotten/put it in the hotel.13. Lei Feng was always ready to help others when they were in trouble and he never turned down/turned over/turned up their request.14. If no one replies/answers/receives the phone at the home, ring me at work.15. You will accept/receive/get a warm welcome when you come to China.16. The clothes cost/spent/took me 500 yuan.17. The terrible noise from the man’s room simply caused/turned/drove me mad.18. It does/feels/makes good to lie in the sun or swim in the cool sea in summer.19. I built up/set up/took up the hobby of fishing as a child.20. In my opinion, all Mr. Tom does does do/does do do/did do does good to his students in his class at present. 答案：1. remains 2. goes 3. called off 4. looking up 5. mind 6.get through 7. broke down8. taken in 9. expect 10. make 11. checked 12. left 13.turned down 14. answers 15. receive 16. cost 17. drove 18. feels 19.took up 20.does does do