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非谓语动词重点难点解析讲解与练习
版块:教育培训   类型:普通   作者:clcfone   查看:26   回复:0   获赞:0   时间:2021-12-16 15:03:55
非谓语动词重点难点解析讲解与练习
非谓语动词的高考命题导向:非谓语动词是高考的重点,考查立意较低,主要考查非谓语动词的一般用法和含义,但是题目的设计注重了情景化,结构较为复杂。
一 非谓语动词的分类、构成及功能一览表
不定式 to do, to be doing, to have done
to have been doing to be done,
to have been done 在to, 
动名词及
分词前+not/never
for sb.
to do sth. 具有名词、副词和形容词的作用,在句中作主语、定语、表语、宾语、状语、宾补(在let, make, see, feel, notice等动词后做宾补时不带to)
分词 现在分词 doing, having done being done, having been done 具有副词、形容词的作用,在句中作定语、表语、状语、宾补(常用在see, find, feel, keep, get, have等动词之后)
过去分词 done 
高一英语必修一电子课本
新概念英语pdf
九上英语单词表

动名词
doing, having done being done, having been done sb. ’s dong 具有名词的作用,在句中作主语、定语、表语、宾语、
 
二 作宾语的非谓语动词比较
情况 常用动词
只接不定式作宾语的动词 hope, want, offer, long, fail, expect, wish, ask, decide, pretend, manage, agree, afford, determine, promise, happen
只接动名词作宾语的动词或短语
mind, miss, enjoy, imagine, practise, suggest, finish, escape, excuse, appreciate, admit, prevent, keep, dislike, avoid, risk, resist, consider
can’t help, feel like, succeed in, be fond of, object to, get down to, be engaged in, insist on, think of, be proud of, take pride in, set about, be tired of, look forward to, devote oneself to, be worth, be busy, pay attention to, stick to, adapt to
两者都可以 意义基本相同 begin, start, like, love, hate, prefer, continue (接不定式多指具体的动作,接动名词多指一般或习惯行为)
need, want, require (接动名词主动形式表示被动意义,若接不定式则应用被动形式)
意义相反 stop to do 停止手中事,去做另一件事
stop doing 停止正在做的事
意义不同 remember/forget/regret to do (指动作尚未发生)remember/forget/regret doing(指动作已经发生) go on to do (接着做另外一件事)
go on doing (接着做同一件事)
try to do (设法,努力去做,)try doing(试试做,) mean to do(打算做,企图做)
mean doing(意思是,意味着)
can’t help (to) do(不能帮忙做)can’t help doing(忍不住要做)

三 非谓语动词作宾语补足语的区别
类别 常见动词 与宾语的逻辑关系及时间概念 例句
不定式 ask, beg, expect, get, order, tell, want, wish, encourage 主谓关系。强调动作将发生或已经完成 1) I expect them to win the game.
2) I heard him call me several times.
have, notice, see, watch, hear, feel, let, make 
现在分词 notice, see, watch, hear, find, keep, have, feel(即:感官动词和使役动词) 主谓关系。强调动作正在进行,尚未完成 I found her listening to the radio.
过去分词 动宾关系。动作已经完成,多强调状态 We found the village greatly changed.

四 现在分词和过去分词的用法对比
意义 表示主动意义
表示被动意义
1 I can hear him singing.
2 I can hear the song sung in English.
动作 所表示的动作一般在进行中 所表示的动作多已完成 China is a developing country while America is a developed one.
语义 意思为“令人…” 意思为“感到…” It is an exciting match, so we are excited.

阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后用括号中的词的适当形式填空
A study  1   (publish) in September suggests there is a  2   (surprise) way to get people  3   (avoid) unhealthy foods: change their memories. Scientist Elizabeth Loftus of the University of California at Irvine asked volunteers  4   (answer) some questions on their personalities and food experiences. “One week later,” Lotus says, “  5   (feed) the people, we told them to type their answers into our smart computer and it came up with an account of their early childhood experiences.” Some accounts included one key additional detail.  6   (tell) that they had got sick after  7   (eat) strawberry ice-cream, the researchers then changed this detail into a manufactured (人为促成的) memory through  8    (lead) questions---Who were you with? How did you feel? By the end of the study, up to 41% of those  9   (give) a false memory believed strawberry ice-cream once make them sick, and many said they’d avoid  10  (eat) it.

答案:1. published  2. surprising  3. to avoid  4. to answer  5. having fed  6. Having been told  7. eating  8. leading  9. given  10. eating

 
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